For Immediate Release
January 29, 2015; 9:30am
DPHSS Release No. 2015-011
Reports of Confirmed Cases of Pertussis
The Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) received two reports of laboratory confirmed cases of Pertussis (whooping cough). The cases are an 11 year old and a 2 month old. Epidemiologic investigation of the cases has not shown any linkage to each other or to an off-island source. Investigations to determine possible sources of exposure on Guam are ongoing.
Pertussis is a highly contagious bacterial disease of the respiratory tract caused by Bordetella Pertussis. Unimmunized or incompletely immunized young infants are particularly vulnerable. It is primarily spread by direct contact with discharge from the nose and throat of infected individuals. It is essential that children receive all their vaccinations on time to prevent this disease.
DPHSS encourages parents to review their children’s immunization (shot) records to ensure they have received their pertussis vaccine. All physicians are advised to routinely check if their patients are appropriately vaccinated. The current recommendations from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are:
• Children less than 7 years old should receive five doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP), one dose at each of the following ages: 2, 4, 6 and 15-18 months and 4-6 years.
• Children 7-10 years who are not fully vaccinated against whooping cough should get a pertussis booster, called tetanus diphtheria and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap).
• Adolescents 11-18 years of age (preferably at age 11-12 years) and adults 19-64 years of age should receive a single dose of Tdap.
• Pregnant women who have not been previously vaccinated with Tdap should get one dose of Tdap preferably during the third trimester or late second trimester (after 20 weeks gestation) – or after delivery, before leaving the hospital or birthing center with a newborn.
• Adults 65 and older who have close contact with an infant and have not previously been vaccinated with Tdap, should receive a single dose of Tdap.
All health care providers on Guam are urged to be on alert for possible cases of pertussis and to promptly report suspect cases to the Immunization Program, Bureau of Communicable Disease Control, at 735-7143/7148 or 735-7135.
For more information, please call the DPHSS Immunization Program at 735-7143/7135.